mPC Glossary of automible terms and acronyms


Acronyms/Terms & Meanings
SUV Spots Utility Vehicle-a vehicle similar to a station wagon but usually taller and equipped with a four wheel drive for on or off road ability
 
4WD A four wheel drive with a drive train that allows all four wheels to receive torque from the engine simultaneously.
 
AWD All Wheel Drive-another term for, or a specific type of four wheel drive.
 
4x4 An off road capable vehicle with drive provided to all the wheels of the car
 
CVT Continuosly Variable Transmission-a transmission that can change steplessly from through an infinite number of effective gear ratios between maximum and minimum values.
 
MPV Multi Purpose Vehicles-a small van for families usually fitted with very flexble sitting and many storage cubicles,
 
SAV Sport Activity Vehicle-BMW 's take on SUVs
 
FWD Front Wheel Drive-A car to which all the drive is sent to the front wheelsl,
 
SMG Sequential Manual Gears- a type of gear which can operate both a manual and authomatic commonly with a double clutch system
 
SRS Supplemental Restraint System, commonly known as airbag
 
ABS Antilock Brake System-enables you to steer while keeping the brake pedal fully on.
 
EBD Electronic Brake Distribution-alters how much of the brake force go to the front and back wheels
 
EPS Electronic Power Steering-enables the amount of assistance with steering to be varied depending on speed and how much you turn the wheel
 
GT Grand Tourer- a sports car focused more on cormforatble cruising than tyre shredding
 
TCS This is a secondary function of the anti-lock braking system designed to prevent loss of traction of driven road wheels. It is also known as Anti-Slip Regulation (ASR)
 
SIPS Side impact protection sysetem- A ssystem of reinforced bars hidden in the doors and side of a car aimed at protecting occupants from a side collision
 
A-Pillar The A-pillar of a vehicle is the first pillar of the passenger compartment, ussually surroungding the windscreen
 
B-Pillar This is the second pillar of the passenger compartment, they are used to house the fringes of the rear doors
 
C-Pillar This is the pillar that supports the back windows and the rear part of a vehicle's roof
 
D-Pillars The is the last pillar that holds the bootlid of station wagons and 4x4
 
Suicide doors Suicide door: This is a car door hinged on the rear rather than the front
 
Fuel Economy This refers to the fuel efficiency relationship between distance travelled by an automobile and the amount of fuel consumed
 
Differential A device which is connected to the outside world by thre shafts, through which it transmits torque and rotation.
 
Octane Rating This is also known as octane number is a standard measure of the performance of a motor or aviation fuel.
 
Hydrogen Fuel Cells This is a device that converts the chemical energy from from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
 
Lane departure Warning Is a mechanism designed to warn a driver when the vehicle begins to move out of its lane on freeways and arterial roads, unless a turn signal is on in that direction.
 
Oversteer This is what occurs when a car turns (steers) by more than (over) the amount commanded by the driver.
 
Understeer This is what occurs when a car turns (steers) less than (under) the amount commanded by the driver.
 
Privacy Glass Is a naturally less transparent window than other glasses and is known for giving privacy and allowing very little light inside your automobile.
 
Turbocharger Usually is a forced induction deviced used to allow more power to be produced for n engine of a given size.
 
Supercharger Is an air compressor used for forced induction of an internal combustion engine.
 
Ground Clearance Or ride height is the shortest distance between a falat level surface and the undeside of the chasis
 
Cruising Range The maximum distance that an automobile can travel away from and back to its point of origin without refuelling.
 
BHP Brake Horse Power
 
Natural Aspiration An engine that takes in air at normal pressure with no mechanism that force-feeds air into it
 
Bodystyle The overall shape of a bodywork of a car, such as SUV, Salon, MPV, Station wagon, Sportscar, or hatchback
 






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